Timeline of NEVADA HISTORY
230 Million BP The Panthalassa
Ocean covered much of what later became the western United States.
Sediments later called the Luning Formation were deposited in what
later became the mountain ranges of central Nevada. Fossil ichthyosaurs
included Shonisaurus popularis.
23-5 Million BP Mastadons, mammoths
and rhinos roved Nevada during the Miocene.
1843-1844 John C. Fremont discovered
that Nevada lies within the Great Basin, where all waters run inward
without outlet to an ocean.
1849 Peter Lassen pioneered a new route to California that bypassed the 40 Mile Desert in Nevada. The trail led from Nevada to Oregon and was combined with another trail that led past his ranch and trading post near Chico. The trail however led across more desert and came to be called "The Death Route."
Carson herded some 7,000 sheep through Eagle Valley, where Carson City
was later founded.
1859 Jun 11, Comstock silver load was discovered near Virginia City, Nevada. Prospector James Finney stumbled across thick, bluish clay in western Nevada. A fellow minor, Henry Comstock, gave his name to the lode, the most lucrative silver ore mine in history. Ott’s Assay Office in Nevada City, Ca., first assayed samples of the rich Comstock Lode of Nevada. Four Irishmen known as the Bonanza Kings bought up shares in the Comstock mines and became rich. They were John Mackay, James Fair, James Flood, and William O’Brian. Ore from the Comstock lode was hauled by horse-drawn wagon over Donner Pass to SF.
1861 Mar 2, The Territory of Nevada was
created by an act of Congress. The first elected governor of the state
was Henry G. Blasdel
1862 Austin, Nevada was born when a horse kicked loose a rock revealing a rich silver ore.
1, Treaty of Ruby Valley with the Western Shoshone
1864 Ruel C. Gridley (d.1870), owner of the Gridley Store in Austin, Nevada, lost an election bet and had to carry a 50 lb. sack of flour the length of Austin to the tune of “John Brown’s Body.” The sack was auctioned and the proceeds went to the Sanitary Fund, a forerunner to the Red Cross, to help relieve suffering created by the Civil War. The sack was resold many times and soon other towns called for a similar auction. The last auction was at the St. Louis World’s Fair.
1869 The town of Elko was incorporated
1872 Jul 2, Jacob W. Davis of Reno,
Nevada, sent Levi Strauss & Co. in San Francisco a sample of his
work pants (using rivets to reinforce the pockets) and a business proposal
for Strauss to apply for a patent in exchange for a half share in the
patent. Davis soon sold his half share to Strauss and moved to San Francisco
to supervise the manufacture of the work pants.
1872 Mark Twain wrote "Roughing". It chronicles the night he and 2 friends spent in a blizzard only 15 steps from the Desert Wells Trading Station in Nevada.
1873 The "Big Bonanza," a huge silver deposit, was found by miners working for the Comstock Kings in Virginia City.
1879 Adolph Sutro returned to SF after becoming a millionaire from building a tunnel at the silver mines of the Nevada Comstock Lode.
1887 Ely, Nevada, was incorporated as a stagecoach station and post office. After the turn of the century, immense copper deposits near Ely began to attract attention away from the failing gold mines, and by 1906 a boom had developed in copper. Today Great Basin National Park provides a rewarding destination to visitors.
1890s In the late 1800s soldiers found garnets in the mountains of eastern Nevada and named the area the Ruby Mountains.
1897 Anson Phelps Stokes, mine developer, railroad magnate and member of a prominent eastern family built Stokes Castle in Austin, Nevada. He built the 92-mile Nevada Central Railroad from Battle Mountain to Austin, which carried silver from the mines that blossomed and wilted along the slopes and side canyons of the Reese River Valley.
1900 Robert LeRoy Parker and Harry Alonzo Longabaugh (aka Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid) and their Wild Bunch went to Fort Worth after their last holdup of the First National Bank at Winnemucca, Nevada. They posed for pictures at John Swartz’s photo studio.
1900 Major silver and gold deposits were found at Tonopah.
1902 The US Newlands Act established the Bureau of Reclamation and began to enact some of the ideas of John Wesley Powell concerning control of water resources in 17 western states. Results included the Newlands Irrigation Project in Nevada’s Fallon area that diverted water from the Carson and Truckee Rivers to new farmland.
1905 Las Vegas, a Mormon outpost, railroad settlement and silver mining camp, rose to township status. and silver mining camp, rose to township status.
1906 The Hotel Nevada opened in Las Vegas shortly after the rail lines from Los Angeles and Salt Lake City met nearby.
1922 The Colorado River Compact allocated 7.5 million acre-feet of water from the upper basin states (Wyoming, Colorado, Utah and New Mexico) to be delivered to the lower basin sates (California, Arizona and Nevada) plus the rights to divert another 1 million acre-feet from the river’s lower tributaries.
lights first came to Las Vegas.
1936 Sep 11, President Roosevelt dedicated Boulder Dam (now Hoover Dam) by pressing a key in Washington to signal the startup of the dam's first hydroelectric generator in Nevada. On October 26 the first of the five power units to be installed under the initial plan went into operation.
1936-1939 George Whittel Jr. (1882-1969), heir to a SF family wealthy from the gold rush, built his Thunderbird Lodge at Lake Tahoe. He had acquired some 30,000 acres along the Nevada shore since 1936. He deeded most of the land to the US Forest Service.
1951-1992 Some 928 bombs were exploded over this period at the Nevada Test Site. In 1999 the area began to be used as a training ground against terrorism.
1959 Sep 12, NBC launched "Bonanza," the first color western on TV. 428 episodes were produced and the show ran to 1973. 431 episodes were filmed at the 570-acre site in Incline Village, Nevada.
1964 Aug 6, In Eastern Nevada a bristlecone pine tree, Pinus longaeva, near Wheeler Peak was cut down for scientific study of its age. The tree had been named Prometheus for its age which turned out to be about 4,900 years.
1985 The 1st Cowboy Poetry Gathering was held in Elko, Nevada. It became an annual event held in the last week of January.
Vegas began hosting the National Finals Rodeo (NFR), which began around
1986 Nevada’s 77,000-acre Great Basin National Park was dedicated.
1991 Aug 27, The annual Burning Man Festival began near Gerlach, Nevada on the Hualapai Playa, a prehistoric lakebed. Over 39,000 people attended the festival in 2006. The event takes its name from the ritual of burning a large wooden sculpture of a man on the sixth day.
1997 Oct 15, A British jet-powered car driven by pilot Andy Green broke the land speed record with an average run of 763.035 mph at Gerlach, Nevada.
1998 Oct 18, The new Steve Wynn $1.6 billion, 3,000 room Bellagio Casino opened in Las Vegas.
1999 May 3, The new $1.4 billion Venetian Resort Hotel and Casino opened.
1999 Feb 8, Nevada lawmakers voted to oppose federal plans for a nuclear storage dump northwest of Las Vegas.
1999 Jun 4, Senators Diane Feinstein of California and Harry Reid of Nevada announced the Lake Tahoe Restoration Act. The bill authorized $300 million over 10 years to restore clarity and health to Lake Tahoe.
1999 Aug 5, Lightning sparked over 75 fires and blackened some 500 sq. miles of Nevada range.
2000 Dec 15, US Congressional compromise included federal protection for the Black Rock Desert-High Rock Canyon Emigrant Trails National Conservation Area, 1.2 million acres in northwest Nevada.
2001 Sep 22, Volunteers celebrated completion of the Tahoe Rim Trail, a 165-mile loop around Lake Tahoe.
2002 Dec 1, The US federal Bureau of Land Management (BLM) began rounding up over 2,650 wild horses in Nevada to prevent starving and rangeland destruction.
2003 May 24, The $16 million Nevada Museum of Art opened in Reno.
2005 .......The Las Vegas Valley played host to 34.7 million visitors.
2006....... The Tahoe Environmental Sciences Center, a joint project of UC Davis, Sierra Nevada College, University of Nevada Reno and the Desert Research Institute dedicated a unique and cutting edge research lab in Incline Village. This lab will bring together scientists to study Lake Tahoe, the surrounding alpine watersheds, seismologyof the area, the purity of air and water and the human variables contribuiting to conversion of climate. Public policy recommendations are expected to result from the work done by the lab. In addition, students of all ages will be welcomed to workshops designed especially for them.